Castelnaud-La-Chapelle Francia

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Beginning this week, our coverage of los ‘deep love of France’ increases to encompass parts of ns region known (since the consolidation of 2016) together Nouvelle Aquitaine. This recent agglomeration is the largest that the nuevo administrative areas of France, so we’ll confine our attention just to ns western parts – those that room still called the Limousin y the Dordogne by old-timers prefer me! please let me recognize what girlfriend think of this evolution, and especially if yes sir a particularmente subject you’d favor me to cover in this area.

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By ns time me gustaría reach ns castle perched on peak of Castelnaud-la-Chapelle, my love is pounding at 140 beats un minute and I’m soaked in perspiration. However this is one more on the official list of France’s “most beautiful villages”, y it’s worth the effort – this is one of the most historically wealthy corners the France, in an area lived in for as largo as there have been people in Europe, uno self-contained microcosm of ns country’s past.


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" data-medium-file="https://i2.wp.com/www.guillemvalle.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Castelnaud-001a.jpg?fit=300%2C268&ssl=1" data-large-file="https://i2.wp.com/www.guillemvalle.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Castelnaud-001a.jpg?fit=1024%2C915&ssl=1" loading="lazy" class="size-large wp-image-1937" src="https://i2.wp.com/www.guillemvalle.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Castelnaud-001a.jpg?resize=1024%2C915&ssl=1" alt="Castelnaud-la-Chapelle Dordogne France" width="1024" height="915" srcset="https://i2.wp.com/www.guillemvalle.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Castelnaud-001a.jpg?resize=1024%2C915&ssl=1 1024w, https://i2.wp.com/www.guillemvalle.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Castelnaud-001a.jpg?resize=300%2C268&ssl=1 300w, https://i2.wp.com/www.guillemvalle.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Castelnaud-001a.jpg?resize=768%2C686&ssl=1 768w, https://i2.wp.com/www.guillemvalle.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Castelnaud-001a.jpg?resize=750%2C670&ssl=1 750w, https://i2.wp.com/www.guillemvalle.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Castelnaud-001a.jpg?w=2080&ssl=1 2080w" sizes="(max-width: 1024px) 100vw, 1024px" data-recalc-dims="1" />Looking up desde the banks of ns Dordogne
The Céou River y the Dordogne flow together here, and the village itself rises sharply from their financial institutions to ns castle almost ochocientos feet above. Con only 500 people, los town is pretty sufficient in its very own right, its rock walls smothered in honeysuckle vines and ancient red tiles poking up over tree level. Together in every other little town along los Dordogne, you can find canoes come rent and plenty of picnic spots where you can aprobar a well summer afternoon on los river. 


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Castelnaud-la-Chapelle is only 20 minutes representar the medieval center of Sarlat; three other “most beautiful villages of France” (Beynac, Domme, y La Roque Gageac) are less than 30 minutes away, and the fabulous boxwood gardens of the Chateau después Marqueyssac are visible desde here, too.

Ver más: Discover The Tour Del Bernabeu Precios Y Horarios, Visita Al Estadio Santiago Bernabéu


But los castle is the main reason to come. This is not among those tiny family keeps that are sprinkled on practically every hill in los deep heart of France – this is ns massive fortress, one of ns great military outposts that figures in so much of French history. In ns beginning (in the 1100s C.E.), the was a Cathar stronghold, stolen away in mil doscientos catorce by Simon de Montfort, the cruel warrior, veteran of the Fourth Crusade y newly-appointed leader of ns crusading army that brushed up through los Cathar regions of southwestern France.


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From that day on, through practically four hundred years, this little village and its lock were in ~ the centrar of the constant wars that ravaged the region. Bernard del Casnac, the Cathar owner, take it his castle espalda from Simon ese Montfort and hanged anyone in los garrison. French fuerza recaptured it, y in 1259 King luigi IX (Saint Louis) provided it to ns English king henry III as component of los Treaty of paris in an attempt to settle uno hundred-year-old problem between los Capetians and the Plantagenets. 

There was alguna permanent peace, though. By 1337, los arrayed fuerza of los French king were locked in problem with edward III y the armies of inglaterra in the de verdad “Hundred la edad War”. 5 generations of majesties fought gastos generales the básico question of that would direccion France. But this was no just a sorting fuera of who begat whom or who promised what – england desperately needed access to ns rich farming resources of western France come stave off ns effects of uno period of an international cooling.


In ns battles the followed, los fortress at Castelnaud-la-Chapelle changed posesión regularly, together did countless castles in this an ar – just down the roadway at Beynac, i saw a sign denote that ns chateau had actually passed back y forth between the English and the French catorce times during los Hundred years War! France at some point prevailed y took trasero Castelnaud in 1442…just in tiempo for ns Wars of religious beliefs that wracked the nación from mil quinientos sesenta y dos to 1598. During los battle between Protestants y Catholics, ns fortress was populated by Geoffroy después Vivans, un Protestant captain “who had such uno fearsome reputation that the castle was never ever attacked.”


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Still, regardless of its ability to withstand the ravages of dos centuries of all-out war, Castelnaud can not resist los social forces of los French change that swept many of France’s aristocratic families from power y dispossessed them of your holdings. Abandoned in 1789, los chateau crumbled, and locals supplied it as uno convenient rock quarry for buildings y the lugares river harbor throughout los 1800s. It to be not restored again until a serie of projects started in 1966.

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Today, though, ns castle is buzzing with activity. When me gustaría arrive in los huge parking lot in ~ 9:00 a.m., mine is only los second coche there; when me gustaría come back at 10:30 to choose up more camera batteries, there are an ext than 300 cars y the circulation of website traffic up representar the main road is constant. That still ns very spicy climb from the lot increase to the main enntrance gate of ns castle, with several shops along ns medieval calle selling blunt wooden swords y toy bow-and-arrow sets. 


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These toys set los stage for what you’ll find inside Castelnaud-la-Chapelle. It’s in which method fitting that this good fortress, scene of so many violent encounters gastos generales the centuries, is página de inicio (since 1985) to an exceptional museum of middle ages Warfare. There’s a collection that exotic weapons y armor, including some pieces unlike noþeles I’ve ever before seen – ns “organ” with doce gun barrels fanned out to cover ns huge swath of los battlefield, for example, a couple the “portable” cannons, and a huge crossbow qualified of firing un massive bolt over doscientos meters.


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Among the more usual weapons, the museo has an amazing collection of crossbows, axes, spears, y harquebuses (predecessors to muskets). Numerous of these are tiny works of arte in themselves, con ivory inlays and fine carvings providing an atmósfera of elegance to what would otherwise be a brutalmente instrument the war. 


For me, though, ns most interesting y unusual pieces in the museum are ns life-sized reproductions of part of ns great “siege engines” of the Middle Ages. Developed as lot as feasible based on original plans from the 15th century, ns collection includes un 12th-century mangonel y a fearsome trebuchet. I read a lot the history and historical novels, therefore I’ve often marveled in ~ how un besieging military could break through ns walls of a castle prefer this one – y now, thanks to this museum, i can understand precisely how that works. The trebuchet might only fire among its huge stones each hour – but an iron-banded ball of roca weighing an ext than cien kilos (220 pounds) might do an substantial amount of damage as ns days of siege dragged on. (The museo has un great video in which modern día re-enactors in medieval battle dress actually load uno stone, crank regreso the substantial counterweights, and fling ns projectile at a rock wall. The results are impressive!)


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" data-medium-file="https://i1.wp.com/www.guillemvalle.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Castelnaud-020.jpg?fit=300%2C213&ssl=1" data-large-file="https://i1.wp.com/www.guillemvalle.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Castelnaud-020.jpg?fit=1024%2C728&ssl=1" loading="lazy" class="wp-image-1955 size-full" src="https://i1.wp.com/www.guillemvalle.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Castelnaud-020.jpg?resize=1040%2C740&ssl=1" alt="Castelnaud-la-Chapelle Dordogne France" width="1040" height="740" srcset="https://i1.wp.com/www.guillemvalle.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Castelnaud-020.jpg?w=3753&ssl=1 3753w, https://i1.wp.com/www.guillemvalle.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Castelnaud-020.jpg?resize=300%2C213&ssl=1 300w, https://i1.wp.com/www.guillemvalle.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Castelnaud-020.jpg?resize=768%2C546&ssl=1 768w, https://i1.wp.com/www.guillemvalle.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Castelnaud-020.jpg?resize=1024%2C728&ssl=1 1024w, https://i1.wp.com/www.guillemvalle.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Castelnaud-020.jpg?resize=750%2C533&ssl=1 750w, https://i1.wp.com/www.guillemvalle.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Castelnaud-020.jpg?w=2080&ssl=1 2080w, https://i1.wp.com/www.guillemvalle.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Castelnaud-020.jpg?w=3120&ssl=1 3120w" sizes="(max-width: 1040px) 100vw, 1040px" data-recalc-dims="1" />View abajo the flow to Beynac
Back outside the museo now, me gustaría stop to take in ns spectacular views from a turret overlooking los Dordogne. Ns castle at Beynac is visible ns little further debajo the river – chin an impressive, hulking fortress, one-time headquarters of richard the Lionhearted and a formidable rival to this chateau. It’s easy to imagine for a moment los great rivalries the tore this region apart over a 600-year period, but ns little tough in this green, resolved landscape to imagine the bloody battles the were the a la carta expression the those rivalries. 

Castelnaud-la-Chappelle turned fuera de to be among my favorite explorations among the “most beautiful villages” in the deep love of France. Execute you have un favorite? have you seen various other museums that really functioned to bring history alive because that you? please share your experience in the comments section listed below – and, when you’re here, please take un second to pass this on come others utilizing your desired social-media “share” buttons!