Chichén Itzá, En México.

Once the center of economic y religious life for los Maya, Chichén Itzá, in the Yucatán Peninsula in the sur of Mexico, was voted as among the new seven marvels of the world in 2007. That name means ‘at the mouth of los Itza’, y it receives an ext than 1.2m visitors a year. Ever wondered why?

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Estás mirando: Chichén itzá, en méxico.


In March y September the sun crosses the celestial equator, resulting in uno day y night of equal lengths. Due to the position of ns Temple that Kukulcán, un descending serpent made of inverted triangulos of brillante can be observed on the junto a of ns steps in ~ sunset on equinox day. The snake kind is shaped together the trabaja goes by, beginning at the top y finishing with ns feathered serpent’s head at the base of the monument.

In 1937, Mexican archaeologists exploring Kukulcán found within it un complete pyramid temple, likewise of ripe levels. Kept in los temple chambers they found a chacmool sculpture (a reclining ilustración supporting a llave upon that stomach) y a jaguar throne, both of which continue to be today. You have the right to only visit the inside of los temple with ns special permit.

The feathered serpent, so prominently illustrated at Chichén Itzá, was presented by los Toltecs, ns civilisation from the north of Mexico, in ns 10th century. Older buildings still visible today are created in the Puuc style: the facades space decorated with geometric patterns, animals and representations of the rain god Chaac.


The murky green water desde the sacred cenote, a natural sinkhole in ~ Chichén Itzá, has yielded human bones, jade and gold. In the 19th century, feverish imagination focused on the cenote, with dreams of great treasures gift found, y a yellow repoussé disk was dredged up.

An electrical resistance survey published in August 2015 shows un newly uncovered underground flow under ns pyramid. Archaeologists are trying to uncover if the Mayans knew about the cenote as soon as they carried out its construction.

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Big wheels have actually not been uncovered near the archaeological site, so los supposition is that no wheels were offered in the construction of los pyramids. However, little wheels were found on Mayan toys; over there is cuales doubt the Mesoamericans invented the wheel and did use it. Yet while other uses of los wheel remain ns mystery, we room sure that cuales horses were provided as these just arrived with los Spanish conquest.


Chichén Itzá’s sphere court is the largest in Mesoamerica. That is playing zona extends over a length of 168m (551ft) and a width of 70m (230ft). Throughout ritual games, football player tried to hit ns 5kg rubber ball con their hips y elbows v high rock scoring hoops. The competition must have actually been fierce, as losers were put to death.


Imagine play football y being reminded by uno billboard the if friend lost, you would have actually your head cut off? ns carved reliefs in ~ Chichén Itzá disclose grisly scenes. They donar two opposing teams of 7 members each dealing with one another. In los middle of ns scene, ns first player of los left team has actually decapitated los first player representar the the opposite team, that kneels headless in prior of uno large ball significant by ns great laughing skull.

The main point monuments at the archaeological website of Chichén Itzá cover about 5sqkm (2sqmi); however, the estimated extent of dense urbano development during los city’s height is believed to have actually reached 25sqkm (10sqmi). Ns surrounding ruins are therefore not excavated, and are spanned by thick forests.

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The Barbachano family desde Yucatan purchased ns land of Chichén Itzá in mil novecientos cuarenta y cuatro from the american archaeologist eduardo H Thompson. Los Mexican structure stipulates the all historical monuments belonging to ns nation, but ns land belonged to ns family till 2010, when it was marketed to los government.

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