Edificio villanueva del museo del prado

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When Diego Velázquez perfect the jadeo Las Meninas in 1656, ns other an excellent painters that the trabaja already knew that it was uno masterpiece. What lock didn’t understand was that ns work would at some point take center stage in one of Europe’s great art museums. And that it would still it is in a century before ns building the would house it would be built on lands that were at the time nothing much more than open up meadows.

Estás mirando: Edificio villanueva del museo del prado

Philip IV’s dynasty, reflected in the mirror in Las Meninas, would not final many an ext years, either. Delaware his boy cursed reign and a war of succession that quiet echoes today, ns new fue ~ of Bourbon regime would start. It brought “Madrid’s ideal Mayor,” converses III, to ns throne in the eighteenth century. The was under his command that the grasslands around uno stream (the Castellana) became the great promenade the is today.

November diecinueve marks the exact bicentenary of los founding that the pastar Museum. Ns history of its headquarters, ns Villanueva building, started largo before that. But it currently had a central place of ns project of enlightened reforms to modernize Madrid (light, sanitation, and architectural beautification). It was designed as ns headquarters of the Royal cabinet of naturaleza History, and after a period as ns makeshift barracks, the story of the pastar building starts one día in 1763.

From Rural madrid to Illustrious Capital

Since ns court moved to la villa de madrid in ns 16th century, los nobility had actually been making use of an area dubbed the pastar Viejo, the “old meadow,” for leisure activities. The grassy spots well-known as Jerónimos, Recoletos, and Atocha were los most popular. numerous streams ran v these wooded areas, including ns Castellana. Gastos generales time, the pasto Viejo dropped into oblivion until 1763, when ns enlightened ideas of charles III took los form that a new promenade.

Known as los reform of the Salón de Prado, ns construction provided rise to one of Madrid’s key axes and shaped ns Spanish capital into what it is today. Ns forests came to be gardens distributed gastos generales three sections separated by fountains (Cibeles, Neptune, and Apollo). The gardens to be filled con neoclassical palaces y scientific buildings, ns sign that the city was gradually opening approximately an fue ~ of nuevo ideas.

el Paseo ese Prado, painting desde the so late seventeenth century. | Source: Wikimedia Commons

The headquarters the what to be to be the Royal room of naturaleza History y the imperial Academy of scientific researches was erected próximo to ns Royal Observatory y the botanical Garden. Construction of this hill devoted to the sciences to be entrusted come architect Juan del Villanueva, however this vision would never ever be fulfilled. idea changed with los turn of the century. But history reserved crucial place for ns Villanueva building.

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Makeshift barracks y reconstruction

Construction on los Prado’s headquarters would take 20 years come begin. In 1785, the building’s an initial stone to be laid. Hables III died soon after, and his son, who mutual both his name and ideas, ongoing with the project. The building was practically completed in 1808, however it never ever opened. The year, Napoleon’s troops invaded Spain, and the battle of Independence broke out.

The museum’s vaults to be turned into basements come store ns French troops’ arms. The building was repeatedly used as ns barracks. Plenty of of ns lead sections of the roof became melted right into bullets. Juan ese Villanueva passed away in 1811 in los middle of the war, having viewed his work torn apart.

Charles IV had been deposed delaware the Mutiny that Aranjuez, and his estaban Ferdinand VII had actually taken the throne delaware the war. Yet things had actually changed. Enlightenment idea had stemmed desde the French Revolution y the Napoleonic invasion; national politics took a more conservative turn, and everything that might be linked to France fell el fin of favor. even so, over there was some room left for ideas representar the vault century.

The Queen, Isabel de Braganza, supplied her dos years on the throne (she died giving birth in 1818) to to convince the king to complete one of his predecessors’ projects. The idea of creating an arte museum had already been on converses III’s mind as well as that of joseph Bonaparte, napoleon’s brother and the rey of Spain during ns war. After one of Villanueva’s practical worker rebuilt los building, the National museo of Painting and Sculpture was inaugurated in 1819.

los main facade that the prado Museum. | Source: Wikimedia Commons

200 years and millions the visitors

The museum’s first showing had 311 paintings, all by Spanish painters. Still, that is walls currently held 1,510 works desde the royal Residences y the crown’s collections. This was los seed from which one of the most important art collections in the world grew, including masterpieces such together Bosch’s los Garden the Earthly Delights, ns Greco’s los Nobleman with his Hand ~ above his Chest, Ruben’s the Three Graces, y Velázquez’s Las Meninas, which had actually finally found its home.

It to be not till May mil novecientos veinte that it to be renamed Museo Nacional ese Prado. In that first 100 years, ns building underwent uno host the renovations y amassed new works that art. Due to the fact that it was founded, more 보다 2,300 paintings y many sculptures, prints, drawings, y decorative pieces have actually been added.

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From its empezar as uno modest museum, the pastar has end up being one of los most went to in los world. Follow to The art Newspaper’s annual list, it was los thirteenth most-visited museo on los planet in 2018. An ext than three y a fifty percent million world came through the Prado’s doors último year. Y many an ext surely happen by the iconic Velázquez door the Villanueva envisioned (and whose many recent reconstruction guillemvalle.net participated in).