Ministerio promoción (Ministry that Transport); the regulator; ADIF (the only IM in Spain); railway undertakings, RENFE being the sole passenger transporter.

Estás mirando: Madrid-puerta de atocha madrid

All these space public agencies.

The Spanish rail network

The distinctive functions of los Spanish rail network are:

1. Los existence of different rail gauges: four gauge varieties on the quince 233 km network, including 8 setecientos noventa y uno km the electrified monitor (2004).

vast gauge (1 668 mm): 11 829 km (6 novecientos cincuenta km electrified in ~ 3kV CC) conventional gauge (1 cuatrocientos treinta y cinco mm): 1 450 kilometres (all electrified at veinticinco kV DC) Metre gauge (1 000 mm): 1 926 kilometres (815 km electrified) and 914 mm gauge on just 28 km (all electrified)

Since ns 1980s, Spain has actually nevertheless applied a normal policy of converting its network to traditional gauge in order to facilitate internacional rail links with neighbouring countries, in particular France, consisting of through los use of dos gauge track.

2. Ns expansion of the high speed network in Spain, many thanks to the European programme, con corresponding alterations to los stations with ns arrival the high speed.

Governance and financing of Spanish stations


ADIF owns y manages a completamente of mil seiscientos cuarenta y ocho stations y other logistics tools in the network. Part suburban stations, 482 in number, are operación by RENFE Operadora which does no have a specific stations department.Of the stations operated by ADIF, ns largest, país ones have commercial and retail basic on site and are run by ns specific department of ADIF, los “Dirección después Estaciones ese Viajeros” (Passenger station Management), i m sorry is responsible for noventa y nueve stations provided by ciento setenta million passengers uno year. This stations contain:

noventa y uno 000m² of sleeve space treinta y cinco 820m² that restaurant space 14 605 automóvil parking placesFinancing jae won of construction y renovation is by the Spanish government, Adif and Renfe. Financing los operation the stations counts on the category, of which over there are three in Spain: Mainline station Suburban stations other stations

Besides ns fact that this group defines ns type of station governance, it additionally provides ns basis for los funding policy of each station: ADIF chin operates part of the retail space in ns larger train station (around cincuenta shops período station) under ns trade name Vialia, which is 40% owned by ADIF y 60% by Riofiosa, un commercial home developer; and in train station with cinco to diez shops under los trade surname “tiendras ese la estaciÓn” (station shops), 100% own by ADIF. This constitutes a significant diversification of ns business and an important source of funding, in addition to accessibility fees and rental income.

Case study, la villa de madrid Atocha station

Geographical context


Madrid is un densely populated ciudad with 3 doscientos treinta y tres 527 inhabitants. Economic ciudad capital of Spain.Urban context: 2 km desde the city centre.At the heart of ns dense urbano fabric.

Distance between main airport/station


Distance representar Madrid Atocha station to la villa de madrid airport is 25 km – 30 minutes by suburban train.

Station’s place on ns railway network


Madrid Antocha station’s geographical ar in southern Europe provides it fairly distant from the key European stations, but it is los hub of ns Spanish network.

Location within la capital española transport system


5 that the 8 regional lines. 2 metro lines.3 tram lines.

Ver más: 10 Lugares Que Ver En Venecia Y Alrededores, 10 Lugares Que Ver Cerca De Venecia ❤️

Date the construction: 1857Number of metro lines: 2
Date of final renovation: 2010Number of zona lines: 7
Total station surface area: 104 195m²Number that bus routes: 9
Number of tourists / year: 46 millionNumber of regional stations with direct services: 99
Number of visitors / day: 94 000Number of public parking spaces: 617
Retail space: 7 400 m²Cost of parking near ns station: €27.95 / day
Number of retail outlets: 47Parking surface area: -
Restaurant room in station: rápido m²Cost of bike hire: -
Infrastructure manager: ADIFPresence the checkpoints in ns station: yes
Operator: Renfe .Transfer time in station: 12 minutes
Number of tracks in station: 15, including 11 dedicated to HS traffic

Number the trains / day: setecientos trains (209 high speed / day)

Mode that access:

26.9% taxi, 13.6% metro, 12% suburban trains, 8.9% pedestrian / cycles

History of los station

The original building was constructed by MZA railways for the la villa de madrid Alicante line, y was opened up in 1851 with the name ‘Estacion de Mediodía’ (Southern Station). It to be Madrid’s very first station.A fire in 1856 destroyed uno large relationship of los station, which to be then rebuilt con a metal structure in 1892.The station has actually undergone several renovations, ns most recent occupational being carried fuera de for the arrival that high speed in 1992, when the architect Raphael Moneo had a cuatro 000-m² parque constructed in ns middle of los station with 7 000 trees and plants, y a lejos variety of trópico birds.

Renovation: 2010

Duration: 2004-2010


building of the new arrivals terminal Reorganisation of los flow that arrivals y departures in los stationFinancing: government, railway undertakings


ciudad of la capital española Transport set Railway undertakings

Conclusion / meant outcome

Reorganisation of operation through los station Preventing los risk of los historical mainline terminal coming to be overly congested building and construction of a dedicated arrivals terminalDescription of los station remodeling project

Madrid Puerto de Atocha station has been transformed many veces since it was opened, in stimulate to it is adapted to los growing require to rise capacity. Among these an initial renovation projects contained increasing the number of monitor to cope con higher web traffic levels, leading to the building of monitor outside los centre of the station, which then came to be vacant. This is los area now inhabited by ns nature parque at ns heart of los historic building.Later, in 1990, major renovation work-related was lugged out, to different traffic operation in the station, para reducir transit time and manage operation in the station. This was completed by los construction of a new terminal because that urban and regional traffic, ns significant reorganisation that prepared ns way for the arrival that high velocidad, velocidad in Atocha terminal in 1992, when very large-scale building work was carried el fin to adapt the station to ns demands the this nuevo traffic. Ns question of restructuring the layout of la capital de españa Atocha terminal has frequently been attached to concerns of flow management, since ns station’s geographical place has always placed it at ns heart of the Spanish network, offering it the primary vocation of being un national and international hub.


This have to expand the station to be again behind los latest remodeling project, dating from 2010, to build a nuevo arrivals terminal.

Challenges of los renovation project

With los increasing threat of seeing the station congested, over there was a need come extend the station on los basis of the available real estate around los historic terminal building.

The project

As there was enough land available around los station, los project had extending the on un free area parallel to the mainline tracks.


A new arrivals terminal is planned, also as a new coche park, both connected to ns original dos terminals by uno whole network of ramps, escalators and lifts.


By comparing flows in Atocha terminal in dos mil cuatro and in 2010, it deserve to be checked out that there has been un complete reorganisation of the station, with separate, devoted terminals, and this has facilitated accessibility to los platforms.This project has additionally included updating los station, with an ultra-modern terminal y innovative facilities.The focus has been placed on improving access for people con disabilities, by enhancing vertical and horizontal mechanically links.

Key project data Total surface ar area: 2708 m² new retail area: cuatrocientos ocho m² Number of nuevo retail outlets: 8

The nuevo retail space is relatively small contrasted to the potential room in the nuevo terminal and to the 105 000m² completamente surface area of the station, which has totalmente retail an are of 7500 m². However, this renovation project was centred on carry issues, to discover solutions to the problems of flow management experienced in la capital española Atocha station.

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210 m the arcades between the pre-existing terminals and the nuevo one seis new lifts doce mechanical ramps

Madrid Atocha station has concentrated on boosting accessibility, y fluidity of motion in los open spaces of ns station, in the bid to entice increasing numbers of passengers.