Real sitio de san lorenzo de el escorial

Real Sitio de San Lorenzo de El Escorial - what a name! situated northwest that Madrid, los Royal sight has operated as a monastery, basilica, imperial palace, pantheon, library, museum, university and hospital gastos generales the years. Y believe me, alguna picture does that justice just how substantial this ar is. In fact, el Escorial is nothing less than the world"s largest Renaissance structure featuring one of ns most beautiful libraries i have ever before laid eyes on though unfortunately you aren"t enabled to take película inside the complex.

Estás mirando: Real sitio de san lorenzo de el escorial


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When king Felipe II of Spain took home victory in the Battle the St. Quentin in Picardy versus King henri II the France on the Feast of smo Lawrence in 1557, that swore to erect un monument specialized to the saint. Los King"s astrologers chose los small town of ns Escorial in los hills near la villa de madrid as los perfect location. The works began on April 23, 1563 and it s long for more than 20 years. Felipe II appointed ns Spanish architect despues de ansan Bautista ese Toledo to it is in his collaborator in los design. Toledo had already previously worked on St. Peter"s Basilica in Rome y participated in several projects in Naples. Together the King and the architect designed ns Escorial as un monument to Spain"s duty as a centre of the Christian world. As soon as Toledo died in 1567, the was flourished in his position byJuan del Herrera.
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While the fuera of los monastery y palace is significant measuring approximately 224 by ciento cincuenta y tres metres and reminding much more of a fortress than un monastery or palace, the interior is decorated con numerous frescoes, one much more beautiful than the other. Los floor destinadas of the building is in ns form of ns gridiron, periodically thought to refer to smo Lawrence who died as un martyr by gift roasted to death on ns grill. Another an ext plausible concept for the building"s shape seems to be los following one:The opinión of los floor plan may likewise be based on descriptions of ns Temple of salomón by los Judeo-Roman historian, Flavius Josephus: un portico followed by uno courtyard open up to ns sky, adhered to by un second portico and a second courtyard, all flanked through arcades y enclosed passageways, top to los "holy the holies".

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King Felipe IIinstructions come Toledo were simple and clear, directing that the architects should producido "simplicity in los construction, severity in the whole, the aristocracy without arrogance, majesty there is no ostentation." During los building process, the plans for el Escorial to be enlarged un number of veces to accomodate all the different functions Felipe II wished ns Real obra to have. In addition to being un ecclestical and royal residence, los Escorial also became the burial location of many of los Spanish queens of the last five centuries, Habsburgs and Bourbons. Los Pantheon of the Kings and the Pantheon of the Princes room without uno doubt two of ns most impressive and interesting parts of los Escorial.
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While Felipe II rule Spain from los Escorial for ns latter component of his life, most of his followers didn"t fancy the place really much. Nonetheless they spent hora at los complex together court protocol dictated it as un royal residence for part of ns year. Both ns Habsburg y Bourbon apartments have the right to still be visited today. In 1861, however, the verdadero Sitio del San Lorenzo del El Escorial ceased to be a royal residence. In 1984, los complex featuring around 2,000 rooms, 3,000 doors, 2673 windows, 16 courtyards, twelve cloisters, ochenta y ocho fountains and 86 staircases to be declared ns UNESCO mundo Heritage Site.

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The real Sitio ese San Lorenzo del El Escorial is open up daily from April come September in between 10am y 8pm; between October come March that closes dos hours prior and it might be closeup of the door on particular dates. Admission período adult is 10 euros. For more information, have un look here.