Once one inland naval province, source of ns two of southern Spain"s most essential rivers, medieval bastion of ns mitre of Toledo y the Santiaguist knights, Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas is casa to one of ns most spectacular nature areas in every one of Europe.

Estás mirando: Sierra cazorla segura y las villas

In ns north-eastern edge of Jaén province, like a huge and impregnable colossus, lies an endless sequence of rough mountains and broken limestone massifs through which plentiful waters ceaselessly flow.

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ns immensity of the territory provides rise to ns huge diversity of landscapes that expose its karst origins. Dos towering peaks break ns horizon, both gastos generales a thousands metres high, the alternate with giant slabs, karst towers such as campos de hirna Perea, ridges, spectacular folds, chasms such together Pinar Negro, with ns depth that over 150 metres, y dragon-like crests that rise above uno semi-desert landscape completamente of ravines and gullies the stretch desde the Plateau the Granada - Picos del Guadiana peaks.

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The flow Guadalquivir overcome through un wide, deep valley, when its tributaries carve fuera de surprisingly steep ravines, such together Elías along el Borosa, and spectacular waterfalls rápido Linarejos-. Water has likewise created fabulous caves, together La Cueva de Agua in Tíscar, as well as fensters (erosional holes), together as los source of the segura river or Laguna de aguas Negras (Water black Lake).

Fauna and flora ns orographic complexity linked with ns abundance, or occasionally absence, of water have actually endowed this mountains con some the Europe"s richest and most diverse natural habitats. Castle are casa to over 2,300 types of plants, trescientos sesenta of which are only discovered in very small areas, follow me with 34 endemic species. It incorporates Mediterranean shrublands in los Sierra del las Villas mountains, lowland thickets the have adapted to ns dry, stony land, and holly groves in los Sierra después Agua mountains in Siles, a splendid woodland that is properties of a colder, much more humid climate. Its many unique habitat is los laurel woodland, uno typical attribute of humid Mediterranean environments which, after the último glaciation, were lessened to deep, sloping ground, such as La cerrado de Elías. Over there is likewise a notable presence of alfa grasslands, typifying the desert landscape the stands in stark comparison to ns Guadiana menos que River. Holm oaks and Aleppo pines give way to black pines, yew trees, boxwood, gall-oak, maple…, until los highlands reveal swathes of the camisa pine, ns true símbolo of ns Nature Reserve that share elevar with broom and junipers. Worth noting is ns presence of plenty of rare, endemic species, together as ns Cazorla violet and the Cazorla narcissus. However, large mammals space the estrella attraction at this nature reserve, patria to ns wide variety of vertebrates. There room some 36 species that mammals, 130 species of reproduction birds, veintiuno species that reptiles, 12 species that amphibians and 11 species of fish, including ns endemic Cabrera"s vole, squirrels, a subspecies also present in los Sierra ese Alcaraz, the Spanish Moon Moth and Spanish algyroides (a species of lizard), which space only discovered in this mountains. As regards birds, special cite should be given to the bearded vulture and the steppe animal in the semi-desert area the Huesa and Hinojares.